- Taking off ties and roll up sleeves of people in the middle of a formal meeting is embarrassing, they will not look formal.
- Time management schedule for American businesswomen tend to be extremely strict.
- When you’re invited to a dinner party, talking about work is inappropriate and Arabs don’t expect gifts.
- Time in Hong Kong is a gold and they utilize every a single second and when it comes to time, they are serious.
- Wiping the face with a towel considers weird from a Chinese perspective.
- Write down a list of cultural mistakes that people could make in the UAE. Think about greetings, things people could say, presents they might give.
- People when greeting they shake hands without eyes contact.
- Use improper wording in public.
- Some people spit in the ground
- people wearing disrespectful clothes in public and malls.
- Students putting their feet on the desk.
- People using their left hands for shaking hands or handing over something.
- What about misunderstandings that Emiratis could cause when they travel abroad?
- Wearing expensive jewellery.
- Driving with reckless.
- Speak loudly to each other.
Tanktop trying to cheat to win the race and Squeaky follow the rules. According to this story, there are an Innocence/Guilt societies because the cheater will never ever win on the other hand the honest will win. This story focuses in what is the right and wrong, so everything needs to apply justice to success in the life.
Alvie eats soup
This story is about a boy his name is Alvie he only eats soup. Actually everyone in his family trying to convince him to eat other foods. Alvie doesn’t eat food and his parents feel shame because Alvie’s granny was a world-famous chef, so she let him eat other food, not just soup. According to what granny do, that’s mean a position of power can also be used to empower people around them.
The mouse uses Gruffalo to make other animals be afraid. Actually, Gruffalo is an imaginary character the Mouse make it these characters to make the fax and snake afraid. The story the story color worldview is Power vs. Fear because the Muse uses Gruffalo as his friend to cheat and make the animal fear. The Gruffalo had the power during the existence, but the mouse took the power through creating this image that all animals are scared of the mouse while they’re scared from Guraffoalo.
- Passionate about making the right choices in life.
- Passionate about maintaining and enhancing their honour.
- Fairness, consistency and transparency are important.
- Emphasize on what is the right thing to do and have a good defence for what you think is wrong
- Focus on enhancing or improving the honour of the group as well as the individual relationships.
Honer/Shame: 5, Guilt/innocence: 13, Power/Fear: 2
Hofstede born 2 October 1928 in Haarlem. He works on researches related to the organizational studies. The results of his studies show that there is a national and regional cultural group that affects the behavior of societies and organizations.
- Power Distance Index
PDI-related to which a society accepts that power in institutions and organizations is distributed unequally.
For example Arab countries, the power distance is very high (80), while the United States scores a 40 on the cultural scale a more unequal distribution.
- Individual versus collective (IDV)
Individualism means that everyone is expected to look after himself and his own family. On the other hand, collectivism in which people expects the groups to which they belong to look after them and people have large extended families.
For example, Germany can be considered as individualistic while Guatemala has strong collectivism.
- Uncertainty avoidance index (UAI)
It shows what extent a culture programs its members to feel either uncomfortable or comfortable in unstructured situations.
Uncertainty avoidance scores are the highest in Latin American countries, Southern, and Eastern Europe countries including German-speaking countries and Japan. They are lower for Anglo, Nordic, and Chinese culture countries. For example, Germany has a high UAI (65) and Belgium even more (94) compared to Sweden (29) or Denmark (23) despite their geographic proximity.
- Long-Term Orientation (LTO)
Long- term oriented societies foster pragmatic virtues oriented towards future rewards, in particular, saving, persistence, and adapting to changing circumstances.
- A characteristic of the countries with high scoring are:
- Persistence (perseverance)
- ordering relationships by status
- the possibility of having many truths (depending on time and context)
- having a sense of shame
High long-term orientation scores are typically found in East Asia, with China having 118, Hong Kong 96 and Japan 88. They are moderate in Eastern and Western Europe.
- Masculinity (MAS)
The nature of the dominant values in the organization is related to the Masculinity.
For example, Masculinity is extremely low in Nordic countries: Norway scores 8 and Sweden only 5. In contrast, Masculinity is very high in Japan (95), and in European countries like Hungary, Austria and Switzerland influenced by German culture.
- Indulgence versus restraint (IND)
Indulgence stands for a society that allows relatively free gratification of basic and natural human drives related to enjoying life and having fun. Restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms.
Indulgence scores are highest in Latin America, parts of Africa, the Anglo world and Nordic Europe; restraint is mostly found in East Asia, Eastern Europe, and the Muslim world.
(Neill, 2012) (extra, 2008) (Dimnsions of national culture) (Long-Term Orientation)
Dimensions of national culture. (n.d.). Retrieved from geert-hofstede: http://geert-hofstede.com/national-culture.html
extra, O. (2008, November 28). Geert Hofstede. Retrieved from economist.: http://www.economist.com/node/12669307
Long-Term Orientation. (n.d.). Retrieved from clearlycultural: http://www.clearlycultural.com/geert-hofstede-cultural-dimensions/long-term-orientation/
Neill, C. (2012, January 7). GEERT HOFSTEDE: THE 6 DIMENSIONS OF NATIONAL CULTURE. Retrieved from conorneil: http://conorneill.com/2012/06/07/geert-hofstede-the-6-dimensions-of-national-culture/